Please click on the topic below for more information about different eye conditions and diseases.
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ASTIGMATISM:: Creates a visual disturbance at both distance and close up. The eye is normally shaped like a ball, but in an astigmatic the eye is shaped more like a football (oblong). The change in shape causes light rays to scatter and hit in different locations. This results in distorted or blurred vision, which can be corrected with use of eye wear, contact lenses, or refractive surgery.
BINOCULAR VISION: The ability to maintain visual focus on an object with both eyes, creating a single visual image. Adults without binocular vision experience distortions in depth perception and visual measurement of distance.
CATARACTS: Are a clouding of the natural lens of the eye. Most people have the beginning of cataracts by their mid 60’s. Initially they cause changes in the prescription, the need for more light and glare at night. Cataracts can often take a number of years to develop to the point that surgery is necessary.
DIABETIC RETINOPATHY:: is a diabetes complication that affects eyes. It's caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina).
DRY EYE:: Is a condition of insufficient tears or poor quality tear flow that leads to irritated red eyes. There are numerous treatments for dry eye including lubrication, hot compresses, lid massage, punctual plugs and medication, depending on severity.
GLAUCOMA: is caused by an increase in pressure in the eye that can lead to damage of the optic nerve, loss of peripheral vision and potential blindness if left untreated. Annual eye exams to evaluate pressure, the optic nerve and visual fields are important. Glaucoma is usually successfully controlled with the use of eye drops or surgery.
LOW VISION: is a condition caused by eye disease, in which visual acuity is 20/70 or poorer in the better-seeing eye and cannot be correct or improved with regular eyeglasses.
MEIBOMIAN GLANDS: are found in the eyelids, with about 25 to 40 in the upper lid and 20 to 30 in the lower lid. Their job is to secrete oil onto the surface of the eye, keeping your tears from evaporating.
MACULAR DEGENERATION: is a disease affecting the macular area of the retina. The macula is a high concentration of nerve cells that represents the central part of the your vision. Adult Macular Degeneration (AMD) is more prevalent as we age and more likely to occur if you smoke, eat poorly, don’t exercise, don’t wear sunglasses or have a family history of it. There is no treatment for dry AMD at this time. Fortunately there are new technologies to help us determine a person’s potential for this disease and nutritional supplements to help fight against it.
PRESBYOPIA: is caused by the lack of flexibility in the lens of the eye. During the natural aging process, the eye slowly loses it ability to accommodate (see things up close). As this progresses (usually becoming most notable in the mid 40’s), most find the need to hold items further away to read properly. This is correctable with the use of eye wear or contact lenses.